Plantain, (genus Plantago)

Plantain Plantain is a common weed that originated in Europe but has naturalized throughout the U.S. Common plantain (Plantago major) has rounded leaves, while Lance leaf plantain (Plantago lanceolata) has elongated lance-shaped leaves. Plantain has a vast history of medicinal use and has long been considered an important herb. Emerging in early spring, it may […]

Wild Sarsparilla (Aralia Nudicaulis) Native:  Wild sarsaparilla is a 1-2 foot tall shrub common to the forest understories of southern New England. It produces tiny white flowers in spherical clusters beneath the compound leaves, which ripen into blue-black berries in mid-summer. The rhizome of wild sarsaparilla has a sweet, aromatic taste, and sometimes has substituted for sassafras in the making of home-made […]

Twinflower (Linnea Borealis)


Fern, New York (Thelypteris Noveboracensis)

Native Thelypteris noveboracensis is common in sunny patches caused by canopy gaps in mixed woodlands, near vernal seeps, at the edge of swamps, and along streams. Once soil pH levels decline below 4.1, this fern can become a dominant understory species. In such situations, it may outcompete the seedlings of certain tree species, some of which […]

Fern, Interrupted (Osmunda Claytoniana)

Native Osmunda claytoniana is found in humid zones, mostly in forests, but also in more open habitats and biomes, although rarely in bogs. The interrupted fern is often found alongside  ostrich, cinnamon and sensitive ferns. Fruiting bodies are produced on the lower portion of the fronds in between the pinnae (leaf blades), giving this distinctive fern its name. In spring, the newly emerging silvery-white […]